Medicine is approaching a conceptual  impasse. It lacks concepts to handle two attributes of the organism:  Complexity  and optimality. This ominous course started when molecular biology  silenced traditional clinical reasoning  and overtook the lead in cancer interpretation.

In other words, clinical medicine was hijacked by molecular biology, which brought about a new kind of medical approach called Personlized Medicine.

This new trend in medical  practice spreads iatrogenesis and suffering, particularly in cancer